It was 'An Act to make provision for the better protection and care of the Aboriginal inhabitants of Western Australia.'

The agency responsible for administering the Act (and therefore processing s 18 requests) issued ‘Guidelines’ on what it considered necessary for a site to come within the Act’s protection. This Act established the Aborigines Protection Board and enabled the appointment of Protectors of Aborigines. The 1886 Act introduced employment contracts between employers and Aboriginal workers over the age of 14. The effect of the Act was to give increasing power to the Board over Aboriginal people, rather than setting up a system to punish whites for wrongdoing in relation to Aboriginal people. The Aborigines Act 1905 (Act no. Versions of this Act (includes consolidations, Reprints and “As passed” versions). The purpose of the Aborigines Act (continued from the earlier 1886 Act) was the ‘protection, control and segregation of Aboriginal people’. [2], The Acts allowed the seizure of "half-caste" children (i.e., mixed race children[3]) and their forcible removal from their parents. An Aboriginal Protection Board, was also established to prevent the abuses reported earlier, but rather than protect Aborigines, it succeeded mainly in putting them under tighter government control. Nevertheless, the Board refused to assist the expelled people. The Aboriginal Protection Act 1886, known as the ‘half-caste’ Act, commenced a policy of forcibly removing Aboriginal people of mixed descent from Aboriginal stations and reserves in Victoria. WESTERN AUSTRALIA. Half-Caste Act was the common name given to Acts of Parliament passed in Victoria (Half-Caste Act 1886) and Western Australia (Aborigines Protection Act 1886) in 1886. Nearly half of the Legislative Council voted to amend the Act for contract labour as low as 10, but it was defeated. The Western Australian Aboriginal Protection Board was established in 1886, with five members and a secretary, all of whom were nominated by the Governor, by the Aborigines Protection Act 1886 (WA), or Half-Caste Act. There was no provision in the 1886 Act for contracts to include wages, but employees were to be provided with "substantial, good and sufficient rations", clothing and blankets. [citation needed]. It governed the lives of all Aboriginal people in Western Australia for nearly 60 years. The full title of the Act is 'An Act to provide for the better protection and management of the Aboriginal Natives of Western Australia, and to amend the Law relating to certain Contracts with such Aboriginal Natives'. The 1915 amendments to the Aborigines Protection Act 1909 gave the New South Wales (NSW) Aborigines Protection Board the power to remove any Indigenous child at any time and for any reason.. Be it enacted by the King’s Most Excellent Majesty? (Spring, 1980), pp. [Reserved, 23rd December, 1905.] 27, No. The WA Parliament passed a law excising the area from any application of the Act: Aboriginal Heritage (Marandoo) Act 1992. The failure of this policy and its inhumanity led to Victoria's Aborigines Act 1910 and Aboriginal Lands Act 1970, which abandoned this policy.[8]. Kenneth Liberman. Clinton Walker wants the WA Aboriginal Heritage Act to be changed WA Aboriginal Affairs Minister Ben Wyatt is currently reviewing the Aboriginal Heritage Act, including the controversial Section 18, which legalises the destruction of Aboriginal sites.
But he has rejected calls for a moratorium on any further work already granted under the act. This inhumane policy of separating families created widespread distress and dislocation, and led to the Aborigines Act 1910 which reversed some of these policies. Commonwealth Electoral Act, 1949: Aboriginal people who had completed military service were granted the right to vote in Federal elections or if they were on the State Electoral roll. McKenzie Grant, the member for The North, claimed that child labour of 6 or 7 was a necessary commonplace, as "in this way they gradually become domesticated". "Australian Native Policy: A Review". In theory, Protectors of Aborigines were empowered to undertake legal proceedings on behalf of Aboriginal people, dictate where Aboriginal people could live or work, and keep all wages earned by employed Aboriginal people. It gave wide powers to the Board and Protectors to involve themselves in the lives of all Aboriginal people in Western Australia… This was theoretically to provide them with better homes than those afforded by typical Aboriginal people, where they could grow up to work as domestic servants, and also for social engineering. Home > Aborigines Protection Act 1886. 1905/014 (5 Edw. The 1886 Act provided a resident magistrate with the power to indenture 'half-caste' and Aboriginal children from a suitable age until they turned 21.

In particular, the 1886 Act started to remove Aboriginal people of mixed descent, known as "half-castes", from the Aboriginal reserves to force them to assimilate into European society.
An Aboriginal Department was set up under the office of the Chief Protector of Aborigines. Subsidiary legislation made under this Act (current versions).

The Western Australian Aboriginal Protection Board was established in 1886, with five members and a secretary, all of whom were nominated by the Governor, by the Aborigines Protection Act 1886 (WA), or Half-Caste Act.. This Bill seeks to replace the now outdated Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972, following extensive consultation over the last two years with key stakeholders, industry professionals and Aboriginal people in Western Australia. Western Australian Aborigines Protection Act, Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act 1897, Aboriginal people in the colony of Victoria, "Ngankat-Kalo: Aboriginal Education 1901-2001", Members of the Yorta Yorta Aboriginal Community v Victoria, Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk Peoples v Victoria, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders, Australian Aboriginal Progress Association, National Congress of Australia's First Peoples, Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations, Northern Territory National Emergency Response,, Legislation concerning indigenous peoples, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Aborigines Protection Act 1886 (PDF - 756 KB) Established Aborigines Protection Board. John Gribble. VII No.14) was reserved for Royal assent on 23 December 1905 and commenced in April 1906. [4][5][6] "Half-caste" people were distinguished from "full-blood" Aboriginal people.[7]. Ethnohistory, Vol. Protectors of Aborigines were appointed by the Board under the conditions laid down in the various Acts. This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 17:00. [1] They became the model for legislation to control Aboriginal people throughout Australia, such as the Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act 1897 in Queensland. It was intended to enforce contracts, employment of prisoners and apprenticeships, but there was not sufficient power to enforce clauses in the north, and they were openly flouted. Please Note: The link to this page has been updated to law_a252.html. and Aborigines Act 1905 (WA) An Act to make provision for the better protection and care of the Aboriginal inhabitants of Western Australia. Its functions include submitting proposals to the Governor relating to the care custody or education of the children of 'Aboriginals' and exercising a general supervision and care over all matters affecting the interests and welfare of the 'Aboriginals'. These expulsions separated families and communities, causing distress and leading to protest. The phrasing of one amendment was so broad as to enable any interpretation by the Board’s inspectors, and led to thousands of Indigenous children being taken from their parents on the basis of race alone. The Victorian Half-Caste Act 1886 (in full, an Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act to Provide for the Protection and Management of the Aboriginal Natives of Victoria") was an extension and expansion of the Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 which gave extensive powers over the lives of Aboriginal people in the colony of Victoria to the Board for the Protection of Aborigines, including regulation of residence, employment and marriage.[8]. The Decline of the Kuwarra People of Australia's Western Desert: A Case Study of Legally Secured Domination. 14 of 1905, AN ACT to make provision for the better protection and care of the Aboriginal inhabitants of Western Australia. 2. The Act defined as "Aboriginal" "every Aboriginal native of Australia, every Aboriginal half-caste, or child of a half-caste". History of this Act. The 1886 Act was enacted following the furore over the Fairbairn Report of 1882, which revealed slavery conditions among Aboriginal farm workers, and the work of Rev. See page 121 in particular. ANNO QUINTO EDWARDI SEPTIMI REGIS, XIV.

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