[25] There was also a German 500-man detachment in Taku; combined with the other nations' units the force numbered some 2,100 men. Gröner, Erich (1990). The tubes were supplied with a total of 16 torpedoes. SMS Weissenburg, one of two of the class sold to the Ottoman Empire in 1910, both of which were the better armoured The typical routine was interrupted in early August when Wilhelm II and Kaiserin (Empress) Augusta went to visit the Russian imperial court; both divisions of I Squadron were sent to Kronstadt to accompany the Kaiser, who proceeded to the capital at Saint Petersburg. Two days later, the expeditionary force stopped in the outer roadstead at Wusong, downriver from Shanghai. Brandenburg was the first pre-dreadnought battleship of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy). [12], On 8 August 1915, Barbaros Hayreddin was en route to support the Turkish defenses at the Dardanelles when she was sunk by the British submarine HMS E11,[17] with the loss of 253 men. [5] The ships' crew numbered 38 officers and 530 enlisted men, though while serving as the squadron flagship the standard crew was augmented by an additional 9 officers and 54 men. Both were scrapped in 1919. They could be set at two speeds for different ranges. The year 1902 followed the routine pattern of individual, unit, and fleet training, along with a major cruise to Norway and Scotland, which concluded by passing through the English Channel. - Cookies.

Armour: Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_11-40_skc04.htm, "German 8.8 cm/30 (3.46") SK L/30 8.8 cm/30 (3.46") Ubts L/30", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_88mm-30_skc97.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WTGER_PreWWII.htm, List of battleships of the Ottoman Empire, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Brandenburg-class_battleship?oldid=4510683, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 10,013 t (9,855 long tons; 11,037 short tons), 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 10 knots (20 km/h).

Six 280mm/ 11in guns [15], In early December, I Division conducted maneuvers in the Kattegat and the Skagerrak, though they were cut short due to shortages in officers and men. The four ships of the class—Brandenburg, Wörth, Weissenburg, and Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm—were the … [11] The next day, while she was in Kiel, Czar Nicholas II of Russia inspected Brandenburg during a visit to Germany. [21] The widespread violence against Westerners in China led to an alliance between Germany and seven other Great Powers: the United Kingdom, Italy, Russia, Austria-Hungary, the United States, France, and Japan.

Furthermore, no WW2 era German battleships had 9 15 inch guns, the most carried were 8 on the Bismarck and Tirpitz. Four Brandenburg Class Battleships were completed for the Imperial German Navy in the 1890s. 1910 sold to the Ottoman Empire. Some experimentation was implemented in the design process, particularly in the armor types that were installed on the ships.

then had considerable blast effects when fired. German Light Cruisers. Tactical exercises were carried out in Kiel Bay in the presence of foreign delegations to the opening ceremony. [18] Turgut Reis survived the war and was used as a training ship in 1924. [12] On 5 April, the ship participated in the celebrations commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Eckernförde during the First Schleswig War. SMS Brandenburg[a] was the lead ship of the Brandenburg-class pre-dreadnought battleships, which included Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, Weissenburg, and Wörth, built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in the early 1890s. The main battery barbettes were protected with 300 mm (11.8 in) thick armor. WW1 Warships. Weissenburg There, her guns were mounted, and on 19 November Brandenburg was commissioned into the fleet.

Certainly the oldest battleships German Navy in 1914, two were left (two other sold, see later) in active service. galley. As a result, the range of the guns was somewhat shorter, at about 14,400 m (15,800 yd). pair of the class. [3], Brandenburg and her sister ships—Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, Weissenburg, and Wörth—were 115.7 m (379 ft 7 in) long, with a beam of 19.5 m (64 ft) and a draft of 7.6 m (24 ft 11 in). The Brandenburgs displaced 10,013 t (9,855 long tons; 11,037 short tons) at their designed weight, and up to 10,670 t (10,500 long tons; 11,760 short tons) at full combat load.

Brandenburg Brassey's.png 870 × 621; 60 KB. [20], During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, Chinese nationalists laid siege to the foreign embassies in Peking and murdered Baron Clemens von Ketteler, the German plenipotentiary. There are a total of [ 6 ] WW2 German Battleships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. This enabled a maximum range of 4,300 nautical miles (8,000 km; 4,900 mi) at a cruising speed of 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph). One distinguishing feature of the Brandenburg class ships was the provision of a third central turret, on the centre line of the ship, and using smaller calibre guns to reduce the amount of space needed for it to rotate from one side of the ship to the other. [9], The ships were also armed with six 45 cm torpedo tubes, all in above-water swivel mounts. Brandenburg Though they were the first modern battleships built in Germany, presaging the Tirpitz-era High Seas Fleet, the authorization for the ships came as part of a construction program that reflected the strategic and tactical confusion of the 1880s caused by the Jeune École (Young School). [2] The L/40 guns were mounted in Drh.L.

Two days later, the fleet arrived off Gotland to show the German flag, and was back in Kiel by 30 December. The German navy regarded the ships as excellent sea-boats; the Brandenburgs had easy motion.

Individual ship training was conducted through April, followed by squadron training in the North Sea in late April and early May, which included a visit to the Dutch ports of Vlissingen and Nieuwediep.

Media in category "Brandenburg class battleship" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. During this period, the only noteworthy incident involving Brandenburg was a minor grounding outside Stockholm that did not inflict any damage on the ship. [14] They saw their first major operation in 1900, when they were deployed to China during the Boxer Rebellion. [13] The year 1896 followed much the same pattern as the previous year. Four were placed in pairs in sponsons towards the bow, while the remaining four were emplaced around the rear superstructure. Overview of 4 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: Name Builder Laid Down Launched Completed Fate Brandenburg: AG Vulcan Stettin: 1890 21 Sep, 1891 19 Nov, 1893 Broken up 1920 Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm: Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven: 1890 30 Jun, 1891 29 Apr, 1894 … The ship was laid down at the AG Vulcan dockyard in 1890, launched on 21 September 1891, and commissioned into the German Navy on 19 November 1893. [16], After the Brandenburg-class ships emerged from their refit in 1905, they rejoined the active fleet. She had a maximum range of 4,300 nautical miles (8,000 km; 4,900 mi) at a cruising speed of 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds (1985). knots. 20. This period was generally limited to training exercises and goodwill visits to foreign ports. The cause of the explosion was a defect in the construction of the valve. The ships were designed to carry 650 t (640 long tons; 720 short tons) of coal for the boilers, though additional spaces in the hull allowed for up to 1,050 t (1,030 long tons; 1,160 short tons). They had a beam of 19.5 m (64 ft) which was increased to 19.74 m (64.8 ft) with the addition of torpedo nets, and had a draft of 7.6 m (25 ft) forward and 7.9 m (26 ft) aft. December 1915 barrack ship. As they represented a shift in the strategic outlook of the German navy, the traditional method of ship construction, which relied heavily on foreign models, was abandoned. This was followed by individual ship and divisional training, which was interrupted by a voyage to the northern North Sea, the first time that units of the main German fleet had left home waters. In December 1915, she was withdrawn from active service and converted into a barracks ship. She was the first ship of the class to be launched, on 30 June 1891. He initially planned to launch a major amphibious assault on Windau, but a shortage of transports forced a revision of the plan. The year 1900 began with the usual routine of individual and divisional exercises. [5], As was the standard for German warships of the period, the hulls of the Brandenburg-class ships were constructed from both transverse and longitudinal steel frames, over which the steel side plates were riveted. The maneuvers were completed by 22 September in Wilhelmshaven. They were an unusual design, with three turrets instead of two, the central turret being given guns of a lower caliber (cal.35 instead of 40) to fit between the two deck houses, centerline. [1], The ship was unusual for its time in that it possessed a broadside of six heavy guns in three twin gun turrets, rather than the four-gun main battery typical of contemporary battleships. On 26 December, the battleships rendezvoused with the Baltic cruiser division in the Bay of Pomerania and then departed on the sortie. The ships stopped in Singapore from 10 to 15 June and took on coal before proceeding to Colombo, where they stayed from 22 to 26 June. During this voyage, I Division anchored in Stockholm from 7 to 11 December, during the 300th anniversary of the birth of Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. The German fleet departed for Germany, stopping again in Dover on 24 May. However, they were the first Germans ships fitted with a radio. The Ship was unusual for her time in that she possessed a broadside of six heavy guns rather than the typical four-gun battery of contemporary battleships. [7] Ammunition magazines stored a total of 352 shells. German warships were ordered under provisional names; new additions to the fleet were given letter designations, while those that were intended to replace older vessels were given "Ersatz (name of the ship to be replaced)". I Division was based in Wilhelmshaven in the North Sea.

That year, both ships were transferred to the role of barracks ships; Brandenburg was stationed in Libau while Wörth was in Danzig. The composite armor was constructed by layering steel-clad wrought iron plates and wood planks, which was backed by two more layers of sheet iron.

[2] On 12 September 1910, Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm and Weissenburg, the more advanced ships of the class, were sold to the Ottoman Empire and renamed Barbaros Hayreddin and Turgut Reis respectively. Below the waterline, the armored belt was significantly thinner; the thickest section of the belt was 200 mm (7.9 in) thick, and tapered down to 180 mm (7.1 in) on either end of the belt. Contact Me. She was equipped with two sets of 3-cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engines that each drove a screw propeller. These training maneuvers were nevertheless very important to developing German naval tactical doctrine in the two decades before World War I, especially under the direction of Alfred von Tirpitz. Rickard, J (24 September 2007), Brandenburg class battleships , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_brandenburg_class_battleships.html, Help - F.A.Q. Before that only coastal battleships of the Siegfried and Odin classes were in service. The squadron returned to Kiel in early June, where preparations were underway for the opening of the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. Brandenburg's armament system was rounded out with six 45 cm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes, all in above-water swivel mounts. SMS Brandenburg - German Brandenburg-class battleship. [5] These guns fired 13.8 kg (30.4 lb) at a muzzle velocity of 590 mps (1,936 fps).

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