Tectonic evidence for the ongoing Africa‐Eurasia convergence in central Mediterranean foreland areas: A journey among long‐lived shear zones, large earthquakes, and elusive fault motions. The lack of instrumentally recorded thrust earthquakes suggests the presence of a locked subduction fault plane. Recent inversion of the Tyrrhenian Basin. Tectonic expression of an active slab tear from high‐resolution seismic and bathymetric data offshore Sicily (Ionian Sea). An age of 130 Ma was taken. The ensuing positive wave would have flooded the ports 5–10 min later. [3] Calabria is located above a 300 km wide, NW dipping subduction zone which is associated with an active volcanic arc, the Aeolian Islands (Figure 1) and a well defined Wadati‐Benioff zone, with earthquakes descending to nearly 500 km depth (Figure 2). Recent seismicity of Italy: Active tectonics of the central Mediterranean region and seismicity rate changes after the Mw 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake.

Location: San Vincenzo la Costa, Italy (2km E) LAT 39.3644, LON 16.1804: ... An earthquake of approximately M8.0 near Sicily in 1693 generated a large tsunami wave that destroyed numerous towns along Sicily's east coast. The 1693 earthquake refers to a powerful earthquake that struck parts of southern Italy, notably Sicily, and Malta on January 11, 1693 around 9 pm local time as Mount Etna erupted. For the tsunami wave propagation, finite difference software SWAN Code [Mader, 2004] was applied, using a shallow water non‐linear wave model and a cell size of 0.025 degrees. Fast geodetic strain-rates in eastern Sicily (southern Italy): New insights into block tectonics and seismic potential in the area of the great 1693 earthquake. In Italy damaging earthquakes occur on average once every 19 months, and seismic disasters happen about once every four years. Integrating geologic fault data into tsunami hazard studies. Italy lies on the southern extent of the Eurasian Plate, which is surrounded by the … None of the on‐land faults tested succeeds in reproducing the observed initial withdrawal of the sea at all eastern Sicily port towns, and these must therefore be rejected as potential sources [Piatanesi and Tinti, 1998]. Small Bodies, Solar Systems [11] Synthetic mareograms were calculated for ten stations in the southern Italy region (Figure 4). and Chemical Oceanography, Physical On the 11th of January 1693 a huge earthquake destroyed at least 45 cities, affecting an area of 5600 square kilometres and causing the death of more than 60 000 people - about half of the population of the South-East of Sicily. This convergence began approximately 50 Ma and was associated with the closure of the Tethys Sea.

The large surface area of the subduction fault generates a very strong earthquake M8.0 for only 2 m of co‐seismic slip and is consistent with relative plate velocities (4–5 mm/yr) and the available evidence on the recurrence interval (500 yrs). Such results are strengthened by adding the effects of the large 1693 January 11 southeast Sicily earthquake (I max > XI, M = 7–7.5) into the modelling.

What was likely the most powerful recorded earthquake to hit Europe struck at about 5:20 am local time. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Calibration of a real-time tsunami detection algorithm for sites with no instrumental tsunami records: application to stations in Eastern Sicily, Italy. in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES), Journal of Geophysical Research Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Nonlinear It's free to use and each article or document can be downloaded. The initial withdrawal would have occurred most rapidly in Syracuse and Augusta (10 min), and 15–20 min after the earthquake for Catania, and Taormina (Figure 4). and Paleomagnetism, History of Although 10 mm/yr provides the best fit to the observed heat‐flow pattern (Figure 2), we retain the thermal structure for a velocity of 5 mm/yr as observed by GPS. We calculated the thermal structure of the Calabrian arc for subduction velocities of 0–20 mm/yr. and Chemical Oceanography, Physical This is a giant online mental map that serves as a basis for concept diagrams. Travel‐times are shortest for the east Sicily coast. (1896-1977), Chinese Journal of Geophysics (2000-2018), International Folding affects the uppermost turbdite layers and even disturbs the sea‐floor. (1896-1977), Chinese Journal of Geophysics (2000-2018), International

The region of the Marmara Sea is a transition zone between this extensional regime, to the west, and the strike-slip regime of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, to the east. The Calabrian Arc: three-dimensional modelling of the subduction interface. Learn more. Fault reactivation by stress pattern reorganization in the Hyblean foreland domain of SE Sicily (Italy) and seismotectonic implications. Impacts of the 1669 eruption and the 1693 earthquakes on the Etna Region (Eastern Sicily, Italy): An example of recovery and response of a small area to extreme events. The Tsunami Inundation Hazard of the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean Sea): A Submarine Landslide and Earthquake Tsunami Scenario Study. Yet eye‐witness accounts and the physical damage in these areas indicate wave heights ranging from 5–10 m. [16] Calculated amplitudes for more distant stations (Vulcano, Malta or Taranto) are small (0.1–0.25 m). 1; F4 of Hirn . Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Earthquakes have historically caused widespread damage across central and southern Greece, Cyprus, Sicily, Crete, the Nile Delta, Northern Libya, the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Tsunami Propagation and Flooding in Sicilian Coastal Areas by Means of a Weakly Dispersive Boussinesq Model.

[12] They are situated along the eastern coast of Sicily (from S to N: Syracuse, Augusta, Catania, Taormina and Messina), one in the Aeolian islands (Vulcano), one on Malta, two on the SE coast of Calabria and one in the Gulf of Taranto.

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