Bubo zeylonensis, Hibou-pêcheur brun, Hibou pêcheur, Hibou pêcheur brun, Chouette-pêcheuse brune, Kétoupa brun, Kétoupa brun, Wellenbrust-Fischuhu, Fischuhu, カッショクウオミミヅク, カッショクウオミミズク, minamishimafukurou, kasshoku uo mimi-zuku, kasshokuuomimizuku, ミナミシマフクロウ, Búho Pescador de Ceilán, Búho Pescador Castaño, Búho Pescador, balık baykuşu, balyk baykuşu, Balıkbaykuşu. [16][15][13][12], Apparently in India, during the festival of Diwali, thousands of owls are killed - though programs to counter this practice are underway - including this species due to superstitious beliefs about the evil nature of owls and as an attempt to gain the power of black magic. They be found around water reservoirs, along canals, on the outskirts of villages and along sea coasts. [16][15][13], As mentioned above, the prehistoric B. insularis is sometimes included in the brown fish owl. Some of the variability is attributed to the range of sizes across the subspecies. Its underparts are buffy-fulvous to whitish, with wavy dark brown streaks and finer brown barring. Diurnal raptors who feed largely on fish have similar, if not identical, rough texture under their toes, which helps these birds grasp slippery fish. Typical call - Elevala River, Western Province, Papua New Guinea. [10], Brown fish owls breed from November to April, with activity tending to peak a bit earlier in the north of their breeding range and a bit later in the more tropical south of their breeding range. It is more correct to call this species the Blakiston's eagle owl. Compared to the tawny fish owl, which prefers flowing waters, brown fish owls frequently hunt in still or stagnant waters. [16], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22689012A90010491.en, "Zwei ornithologische Neuheiten aus West-Persien", "New and significant records from Dehra Dun valley, lower Garhwal Himalayas, India", 10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121[0623:CBOTWP]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brown_fish_owl&oldid=988454782, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile (2004): [Review of, Olsen, Jery; Wink, Michael; Sauer-Gürth, Heidi & Trost, Susan (2002): A new. ), fig trees, including Ficus religiosa and Ficus benghalensis, Shorea robusta and other large trees in lowland forests. There is also a deep, hollow "boom-boom" or "Boom-o-boom" call with a reverberating, ventriloquial quality, repeated at intervals. It usually selects the larger freshwater fish available in waterways. Some consider it a specialized paleosubspecies of the brown fish owl. [13][17][16] Brown fish owl primarily hunt by stationing itself on a rock overhang or hanging perch over water, or by wading into shallow waters. Speckled Boobook Ninox punctulata. The lack of a deep facial disc in fish owls is another indication of the unimportance of sound relative to vision in these owls, as facial disc depth (as well as inner ear size) are directly related to how important sound is to an owl's hunting behavior. Western birds are found in semiarid landscape and may breed in oases in arid regions. [12], The calls of the buffy fish owl are described as a deep humming boom-uh-boom, a hup hup hu and a loud huhuhuhuhuhuhu. Also different from most any other kind of owl, the bill is placed on the face between the eyes rather below it, which is said to impart this fish owl with a "remarkably morose and sinister expression". Of the four living species of fish owl, it is the most widely distributed, most common and best-studied. It inhabits forests and wooded wetlands. Brown Fish Owls (Ketupa zeyolensis) are a species of owl that belong to the family Strigidae (typical owls). THE BROWN FISH OWL IS BECOMING ENDANGERED - Duration: ... Brown Fish Owl Call - Duration: 0:22. [11], The brown fish owl has prominent ear tufts and rufous brown upperparts that are heavily streaked with black or dark brown. As owls do not build nest, brown fish owls are somewhat opportunistic when it comes to nesting sites. It was probably widely distributed around 120,000 years ago. van den Berg, Arnoud B.; Bekir, Soner; de Knijff, Peter & The Sound Approach (2010): Rediscovery, biology, vocalisations and taxonomy of fish owls in Turkey. Its weight varies considerably, ranging from 1.1 to 2.5 kg (2.4 to 5.5 lb). However, other recorded foods have included snakes, lizards, water beetles, other insects, small mammals (including bats) and occasionally water birds. Photos: zulbaning, Jeffpmcdonald, www.pbase.com/davebarnes, bambusabird, Roger Wasley, cirdantravels (Fons Buts), Z.Faisal, MURAT DEMIRTAS YALNIZ KURT Flickr.com. Usually nest are large natural holes, in hollows or at the base of large branches. Also, females are invariably at least somewhat larger than males and condition of birds is variable. The common owl there, the Ural Owl, had a higher three-note call, and the other owls likely to be heard in the region—Eurasian Eagle Owl, Collared Scops Owl, Oriental Scops Owl, Brown Hawk Owl, Tengmalm’s Owl, and Northern Pygmy Owl—all had higher and easily recognizable calls. One unusual prey item recorded was a 28 cm (11 in) long monitor lizard. [15] Competition may occur between this species and Pallas's fish eagles (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) as well as dusky eagle owls (B. coromandus), but the brown fish owl is more terrestrial than the fish eagle and consumes more invertebrates than either of those species, the eagle feeding mainly on fish followed by water birds and the eagle owl feeding mainly on mammals followed by land birds. [9][2] A trisyllabic tu-hoo-hoo is seemingly the territorial song emitted before breeding. Breeding in Eurasia, Oriental Region: Middle East to Southeast Asia; can be seen in 23 countries. Sign up for our mailing list to get latest updates and offers. It inhabits mainly the lowlands, from open woodland to dense forest as well as in plantations; in the Himalayas foothills it ranges into submontane forest up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above mean sea level or so but not higher. Nature collapse imminent without investment, 'Wildlife Conservation 20' warns G20, From student representative to Kazakhstan conservation CEO, Call for proposals: cultural landscapes in Lebanon. It occupies a range of over 7,000 km (4,300 mi). The downy chicks are mostly an off-white color and develop into a paler version of adults by their second year. At least the latter two features are clear adaptations to aid these owls in capturing fish. [12] Habitat destruction will eventually cause the species to desert a region. By number in the Melghat Tiger Reserve in India, freshwater crabs of the family Gecarcinucidae (of genus Barytelphusa) almost totally dominated the diet. BROWN FISH OWL Scientific name: Bubo zeylonensis / Ketupa zeylonensis. Description. It was certainly smallish but long-legged by eagle-owl standards, and its wing proportions differed conspicuously from a typical horned eagle owl. Also note its dirty white “bib” and the heavy brow that gives it a moody demeanor. 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