Unlike standard troopships – often drafted from the merchant fleet – that rely on either a quay or tenders, attack transports carry their own fleet of landing craft, such as the landing craft, vehicle, personnel (LCVP) or Higgins boat. She stopped at Kwajalein to check contamination levels, resumed her journey on 8 August, and arrived at San Francisco on the 20th. US Navy Bayfield-class attack transport in service 1943-1968, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Account of World War II service aboard Bayfield by coxswain Marvin Perrett, on USCG official history site, List of United States Navy amphibious warfare ships, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Bayfield&oldid=975485932, World War II amphibious warfare vessels of the United States, United States Navy Wisconsin-related ships, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 200,000 cubic feet (5,700 m³), 4,700 tons, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 19:54. The ship left the yard on 26 September and spent several weeks at San Diego for amphibious maneuvers and refresher training. Bayfield returned to Okinawa on 13 March.
Following a shakedown cruise in Chesapeake Bay and subsequent repairs at Norfolk Navy Yard, she conducted amphibious training in January 1944, underwent additional repair, and was declared ready for sea on 3 February. On 7 June she shifted to an anchorage five miles off the beach and made smoke that night to protect Utah anchorage from Luftwaffe attacks. Naval vessel to bear the name. A board of inspection and survey found the transport to be "unfit for further service", and her name struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 October 1968. APA-33 was launched on 15 February. In October she had to forego another major amphibious exercise in Hawaii because of the Cuban Missile Crisis. She returned to Pearl Harbor early in May to take on more cargo and arrived back at Bikini on 1 June. On 29 March she bore the flag of Commander, Force "U" (Rear Admiral Don Pardee Moon) and served as headquarters for planning the landings on "Utah Beach."
As one of more than 40 amphibious ships employed in "Operation Passage to Freedom", the transport provided food, shelter, and care to the evacuees as she carried them south to Saigon. On 11 March Bayfield made the short run to Plymouth and joined a group of amphibious ships that then set course for western Scotland. The next day, she broke the flag of Commander, Transport Squadron (TransRon) 15, Commodore H. C. Flanagan. During that operation, Bayfield anchored at the mouth of the Cua Viet River, and her embarked Marines went ashore to rotate with units that had been serving eight miles upriver at Dong Ha. Bayfield returned to the Marianas on 1 March to prepare for the Ryukyu Islands campaign.
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After discharging the troops, Bayfield returned to the Marianas on 4 October and joined the "Operation Magic Carpet" fleet. The transport embarked elements of the 1st Marine Division and headed through the Panama Canal to support forces engaged in the quarantine of Cuba. As part of TG 51.2, the attack transport and other units of Demonstration Group "Charlie" simulated a landing on the south coast to draw attention away from the actual landings at the Hagushi beaches.
The ship spent December operating in the waters between Okinawa and Japan, stopping in Numazu, Yokosuka, Nagoya and Sasebo. She joined with other Normandy-bound ships in practicing a variety of maneuvers and tactical operations during short underway periods until 26 April, when full-scale rehearsals took place through 4 May. She stopped at Tulagi on the 12th and at Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides on the 17th. She spent the next seven months providing logistic support to the United Nations forces in Korea.
She received orders to New York to embark troops for service in Europe. Bayfield arrived at Pearl Harbor on 26 November. The landings at Aomori took place according to schedule on 25 September.
Following rehearsal off Tinian on 12 and 13 February, the Joint Expeditionary Force (TF 51) got underway on 16 February for Iwo Jima. She set sail from Oahu on 2 April and proceeded via Kwajalein and Eniwetok to Bikini with supplies and equipment. In San Francisco on 30 July, Bayfield went into drydock for a major overhaul before the expected invasion of the Japanese home islands. At Subic Bay, ComPhibRon 7 shifted his flag to the transport and she got underway for Vietnam on 31 January. She then remained at Saipan undergoing maintenance and repairs until 4 June.
Bayfield anchored again at Plymouth on 29 April and on 7 May began embarking troops of the 8th Infantry Regiment (U.S. 4th Infantry Division) and the 87th Chemical Battalion. After the explosion, Bayfield reentered the lagoon and anchored at 17:28 that day. Following the suicide of Rear Admiral Moon, a victim of what would become known as "battle fatigue" on 5 August, Rear Admiral Spencer Lewis took command of TF 87 on 13 August, and Bayfield sailed for the southern coast of France. After disembarking her troops, Bayfield began service as a supply and hospital ship in addition to continuing her duties as a flagship. Bayfield embarked on another tour of duty in the Far East on 28 December, refueled at Pearl Harbor early in January 1967, and continued on westward. Bayfield debarked troops from the 4th Marine Division on D-Day, 19 February, and while anchored off Iwo Jima for the remainder of the month served both as a hospital and a prisoner-of-war ship. On 24 July Bayfield again departed the lagoon and at 08:35 on the 25th, observed the underwater detonation from a distance of 15 miles. Near the end of the assignment, Bayfield received orders to Buckner Bay, Okinawa, where she stood by during another crisis in Laos. Bayfield was originally laid down as SS Sea Bass under a Maritime Commission contract on 14 November 1942 at San Francisco, California by the Western Pipe and Steel Company. Passing along a swept channel marked by lighted buoys, Bayfield and the other transports reached their designated positions early on the morning of 6 June and debarked their troops. USS Bayfield carried out exercises until 27 December, at which time she was placed in a reduced readiness status. Named for Bayfield County, Wisconsin, she was the only U.S. On 6 and 7 March she loaded supplies and equipment of the 2nd Marine Division and got underway on the 11th for rehearsal exercises preparatory to the invasion of Okinawa.
The Hinsdale and USS LST-884 were both severely damaged by kamikazes. Naval vessel to bear the name. The attack transport spent the first week of November preparing for duty in the Pacific. "Bayfield" was in Hunters Point during the Race Riots and crew members were escorted back to ship under police escort from Market Street in San Francisco.
Following repairs, the ship carried occupation troops to Korea in November 1945 and January 1946, returning from each voyage with a full contingent of veterans. Getting underway from Todd Shipyard "Bayfield" sailed to Mare Island to take on ammunition then proceeding on to Hunters Point Naval Shipyard (San Francisco). Two days later, the transport set course for California. The transport continued to serve off the coast of Vietnam until 28 May, ferrying troops between points as needed and transporting casualties to the hospital ship Sanctuary. Later that spring, she began a five-month overhaul at the Todd Shipyard in Alameda, California.
Bayfield's troops were not required at Okinawa, and on 11 April she got underway for Saipan, where they were disembarked on the 14th. Followed by Operation Piranha which was a US Marine Corps operation that took place on the Batangan Peninsula southeast of Chu Lai, lasting from 7 to 10 September 1965.
The ships reached the River Clyde on 14 March and carried out landing exercises there through 21 March in preparation for the European invasion at Normandy.
Bayfield sailed for the Solomons on 4 June to load cargo and move it closer to the fighting. She returned to the anchorage at dawn the following morning and remained until 3 August. Named for Bayfield County, Wisconsin, she was the only U.S. On 30 June she took station 22 miles from the site of the initial Test "ABLE", an airburst detonated at 09:00 on 1 July 1946. She disembarked her Marine contingent at Buckner Bay, Okinawa, in mid-March and headed back to the West Coast, arriving in Long Beach on 6 April. During the next two years, Bayfield made three more cruises to the Orient and performed special duty in August and September 1954, assisting in the evacuation of refugees that resulted from the partition of Vietnam into a communist north and a democratic south. Between 6 December and 18 January 1945 the ship participated in five practice amphibious landings at Maui. Upon her arrival at San Pedro, California on 20 October, she disembarked passengers including the TransRon 15 staff. In March, the attack transport was ordered to Pearl Harbor for "Operation Crossroads", the atomic bomb tests scheduled to take place at Bikini Atoll in July. All4U, LLC., 26509 John T. Reid Parkway, Scottsboro, Al 35768 Tel: 1-866-514-1517 | (904) 342-6161Copyright 1999-2020 All4U, All Rights Reserved.
At Naples, Rear Admiral Moon assumed command of Task Force 8 or "Camel" Force, for the invasion of southern France.
She touched at Okinawa on 19 January and continued on to the Philippines. Her first assignment saw her underway for a major amphibious exercise in Hawaii. Berthed next to the Talladega at Long Beach, Bayfield prepared for inactivation. Relieved by the Duluth, Bayfield headed home, via Sasebo, Hong Kong and Pearl Harbor. Her task force left the Marianas on 27 March and hove-to off the southeastern coast of Okinawa on Easter morning, 1 April. Bayfield returned to the West Coast in December and resumed local training missions in the Long Beach and San Diego operating areas early in 1966.
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