If the local building codes do not reflect the seismicity of the area, consider adopting and complying with building standards from other regions sharing similar geological conditions and earthquake hazards.

42.2 km from Observatorio Sismologico, University of Brazil, Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences, E-learning course: Understanding Risk (World Bank), Building Urban Resilience - Principles, Tools, and Practice, Defining disaster resilience: a DFID approach paper, EMDAT: Country Profile on Historical Disaster Events, Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction: Country Profiles, Understanding Risk in an Evolving World - Emerging Best Practices in Natural Disaster Risk Assessment, Global Risk Patterns and Trends in Global Assessment Report. Regular testing of construction materials, periodic training of workmen, and on-site evaluation of the technical work are important elements of good quality control.

2017 Central Mexico earthquake, magnitude Mw 7.1 Watch! It is also important that the team contain geologists who specialize in applying geology to engineering projects, commonly called engineering geologists, in order to better understand current geological processes, the earthquake potential and threat of secondary geologic hazards. with a moment magnitude of Mw 3.8 at a depth of 5 km (shallow-focus earthquake, 40 minutes ago) World Geography - Russia [Lecture 7] Watch! It is important to understand the criticality of each facility and to address all possible vulnerabilities in the design stage itself, so that the facility can limit disruption due to damage, to one or more of the utility services. Hazard maps in the building codes provide sufficient information to properly design ordinary buildings and other typical structures. ‘Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage,’ Proceedings, Improving the Seismic Performance of Existing Buildings and Other Structures, p 674-685. http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/41084(364)62 Please contact for further information.

61.2 km from

However, in regions where it is felt that local engineers’ capacities are low, consider consulting with external experts who understand the building standards needed in medium earthquake hazard zones. The shifting of tectonic plates in a depth of 48 km resulted in 1 deaths. Other recommendations for Medium earthquake prone regions include a. at 19:26 April 14, 2018 UTC, Location: Recording of earthquakes using scientific instruments began only around 1900. (20.2 miles), 2019-01-05 19:25:38 UTC

(27.2 miles), 2020-10-05 10:38:58 UTC Damage to these items in earthquakes can cause deaths, injuries, the building losing ability to function, and economic losses. Epicenter at -8.928, -74.467

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals from Equipment, Contents, Architectural Elements and Building Utility Systems: http://www.geohaz.in/upload/files/hospitalsafetymanual.pdf. (21.2 miles), 2020-03-15 15:35:08 UTC The strongest earthquake in Brazil happened on 11/30/1986 in the region Joao Camara, Natal with a magnitude of 4.8 on the Richter scale. The adequacy of local building regulations c. Understanding the site and soil conditions at the project area d. Ensuring adequately experienced and qualified technical personnel are involved in the design and construction e. Setting standards for design of project buildings depending on the importance of the building’s functions f..Reducing the risk due to damage to architectural elements and building contents in an earthquake and g. Purchasing adequate earthquake insurance to cover potential losses on the project.

at 07:41 May 26, 2019 UTC, Location: ● http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/EQTips/EQTip08.pdf 6.2 km from (31.2 miles), 2019-11-14 20:52:25 UTC

(38.2 miles), 2018-04-26 12:55:21 UTC Epicenter at -5.807, -75.264

• Earthquake Insurance in Japan: http://www.giroj.or.jp/english/pdf/earthquake/Chapter2.pdf In many countries, seismic hazard is not considered in building standards either because these are rare events or because the earthquake history is incomplete. (23.2 miles), 2019-08-11 04:36:37 UTC This means that there is a 10% chance of potentially-damaging earthquake shaking in your project area in the next 50 years. The data set used to classify the hazard in this area is not publicly available to view or download due to licensing restrictions. 96.2 km from However, several large earthquakes showed that the amount of damage, the economic loss due to downtime, and repair cost of structures were unacceptably high, even though these structures complied with available seismic codes based on traditional design philosophy.

61.2 km from 45.2 km from Brazil was hit by 44 earthquakes with a magnitude of 4 and more in 2000. Engineers need this additional information to design the facility properly. The presence of large rocks that may have fallen from nearby mountains several years back is a good indication that there is a rockfall hazard.

Examples include: a) If electrical power is lost, water cannot be pumped; and b) if the access route to the facility is damaged, fuel for the generator cannot be delivered, which will in turn affect the ability to pump water. Contamana Contamana

Consider purchasing earthquake insurance to cover potential losses on the project. It is also important to estimate how long it would take to repair or reestablish damaged lifeline utilities and to consider the extent to which emergency supplies can meet local needs. Tarauacá at 01:11 December 07, 2018 UTC, Location: Epicenter at -8.762, -74.508 Community memory and historical accounts of earthquakes can provide useful information to supplement scientific studies.

58.2 km from Historical records may also contain accounts of secondary hazard events triggered by past earthquakes.

Designing and building large structures is always a challenge, and that challenge is even greater when they are built in earthquake-prone areas. In many countries, earthquake history can be obtained from written historical records. at 12:28 April 13, 2018 UTC, Location: Earthquakes in Brazil today.

Learning about potential tsunami hazard is essential in coastal areas with high or medium earthquake risk. Knowing the height of the water table in the soil helps us determine its liquefaction potential, and also the viability of sub-soil floors and housing of critical utilities in such areas. 138.2 km from Before a foundation type is decided, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of the soil at the site of construction. We welcome any suggestions for improvements to the tool, including suggestions of data, recommendations, or resources to include. Even though the earthquake hazard is considered medium in your location, it is important to understand the earthquake history of the place to acknowledge the possibility that an earthquake can affect the region again. 28.2 km from

The Importance of Building Codes in Earthquake-Prone Communities: http://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1410554614185-e0da148255b25cd17a5510a80b0d9f48/Building%20Code%20Fact%20Sheet%20Revised%20August%202014.pdf. Epicenter at -7.719, -74.648

Building standards help to ensure safety of constructions.

For further information the following resources could be consulted: If you have any, please provide feedback. Knowing the height of the water table in the soil helps us determine its liquefaction potential, the viability of sub-soil floors and housing of critical utilities in such areas. Similarly, it is necessary to understand when these standards were last revised, and how often revisions occur. The performance levels could range from a building designed to prevent collapse in earthquakes, to a slightly improved ‘life safety’ (typically used for ordinary buildings), to ‘immediate occupancy’ where a building is designed to be usable minutes after an earthquake. Epicenter at -7.57, -74.62 However, it is important to note that insurance only provides coverage for financial losses, but cannot prevent damage, business interruption, injuries or deaths. Pucallpa It should be understood however, that the costs will increase substantially for higher performance levels. In most countries, non-structural components and the majority of the building contents are not covered by building standard provisions and remain vulnerable to earthquake damage.

35.2 km from at 20:13 March 15, 2018 UTC, Location:

Brazil has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 2 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 8 earthquakes in the past 365 days According to Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus, the earthquake and corresponding tsunami sank two islets that were situated near Cape St. Vincent. 21.2 km from

● http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/wcee/article/WCEE2012_5606.pdf

In most earthquakes, building collapses cause the majority of deaths and injuries.

At the beginning of the design process, the owner and the designer should consult to select a combination of performance and hazard levels and design criteria for each structure based on its function and importance. (35.2 miles), 2019-05-26 07:41:15 UTC

19.2 km from at 08:12 March 03, 2019 UTC, Location: Pucallpa at 09:16 April 21, 2018 UTC, Location:

(3.2 miles), 2018-03-15 20:13:29 UTC Ammianus Marcellinus: May 19, 526 AD Antioch, Turkey see 526 Antioch earthquake: 250,000 7.0 The city of Antioch was greatly damaged, and some decades later the city's population was just 300,000. Epicenter at -7.965, -74.541 (2009). Pucallpa

● For schools:

Tarauacá Earthquake information and engineering developments are rapid, and standards that have not been revised for more than five years may not meet requirements for project design. Insurance can help provide funds after an earthquake, to help in reconstruction and replacement of damaged buildings, contents or other project components. Obtain information on these hazards from the government agency responsible for emergency management.

(13.2 miles), 2018-05-03 01:38:55 UTC

at 01:38 May 03, 2018 UTC, Location: Instances of 'induced seismicity' and its causes are recorded at http://inducedearthquakes.org/ . Pucallpa Any of these non-structural components or contents placed close to exits may block exits and impede evacuations following earthquakes. (36.2 miles), 2018-09-26 01:04:10 UTC

For project structures to have adequate earthquake resistance, the technical personnel involved must also have relevant experience and expertise in conceptualizing, designing and constructing earthquake resistant structures.

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